Periodontal Health with Periodontics

Maintaining the health of the supporting tissues of the tooth through periodontics.

Periodontics is essential to protect the health of our gums, bone and periodontal ligament. These tissues are crucial, as they support and nourish our teeth.

Periodontal diseases can compromise the stability of teeth and cause major problems. Fortunately, with early diagnosis and appropriate periodontal treatment, it is possible to prevent and treat these conditions.

These changes reinforce the use of the keyword “Periodontics” and slightly expand the information given, without exceeding the word limit. I hope you find it useful!

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What is Periodontics?

Periodontics is the dental specialty that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases that affect the supporting tissues of the tooth, i.e.; the gums, bone and periodontal ligament.

Although these structures generally do not produce painful symptoms, gum disease can cause extensive damage such as bone loss and even tooth loss.

It is essential to maintain healthy gums with the help of professional periodontal treatments and home care such as good brushing technique and daily flossing.

One of the most common periodontal procedures are dental cleanings and scaling and root planing.

It is possible to completely remove the dental calculus that causes periodontal disease and bleeding gums. However, periodontics also performs surgical procedures on the gum such as frenilectomies and gingivoplasties.


Periodontal disease

Periodontal diseases are all those conditions that affect the periodontium. Generally, the damage starts in the gums and then migrates to the bone and ligament. The most common are gingivitis and periodontitis.

Among its main features are:

  • Bleeding gums, especially during tooth brushing.
  • Change in gum coloration from pale pink to deep red.
  • Dental mobility.
  • Presence of periodontal pockets (pathological deepening of the sulcus located between the tooth and the gum).

Causes of periodontal disease

Within periodontics there are several causes of periodontal disease, such as hormonal changes. However, the most common cause is dental calculus.

After eating, a semi-transparent film of soft consistency forms around the teeth called dental biofilm, which is formed by different elements such as proteins and bacteria.

This biofilm absorbs some minerals present in the saliva when it is not properly removed, hardening and transforming into dental calculus.

This solid plaque adheres strongly to the tooth surface, especially near the gums, and produces an inflammatory reaction, triggering the periodontal disease process.


What is gingivitis?

It is the initial stage of periodontal disease. It is characterized by an inflammation of the gums, usually painless and capable of producing bleeding during brushing.

On the other hand, gingivitis can be localized in a specific point or generalized, affecting several areas of the gum.

Eventually, if not treated in time, it evolves into periodontitis.


What is periodontitis?

It is the chronic state of periodontal disease. During this phase, bacteria migrate into the gingival sulcus, which is the space between the tooth and the gum and whose base is delimited by the periodontal ligament.

Subsequently, the bacteria attack and destroy the bone and periodontal ligament, causing mobility and, eventually, tooth loss. As the disease heals, the ligament returns to normal, however, the lost bone cannot be regained without a bone graft.


Dental cleaning

Removing calculus by dental cleaning is enough to restore gum health. Fortunately, the dentist has special instruments that allow him to remove calculus, even when it is hidden under the gum.

These instruments have sharp edges and tips that help to separate it from the tooth. Some operate by vibration, achieving safe and effective removal.

Don’t ignore bleeding gums, even if there is no pain. Make an appointment, and we’ll take care of keeping your gums healthy.


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Of course, if you have any doubts, please contact us. You can also do further research; for example, you can see what wikipedia says about periodontics.