dental implants work like an artificial root as an artificial root from titanium, which is placed onto the maxillary bone or the mandible and produces an integration process within the selected zone of osseointegration.
When the absence is individual, an implant is placed which is attached to a crown, forming a similar structure and the same aesthetic as your natural tooth.
When a few of the teeth are missing, or the whole arch, the best option in the distribution of implants is inserted which allows the placement of the protheses. (implant-supported).
What are dental implants?
Dental implants are the best alternative to replace one or more missing teeth, restoring both aesthetics and function.
They are prosthetic appliances, made of biocompatible materials, such as titanium or zirconia, which are screwed inside the maxillary or jaw bone to simulate the tooth root and place a restoration on top.
The dental implant strongly adheres to the bone through a mechanical and biological lock in a process called osseointegration. As a result, it allows the implant to safely stay in position and guarantees its success.
When the goal is to restore a single tooth, a crown is placed on top of the implant. This combination possesses the characteristic of feeling almost the same as a natural tooth due to its similar structure.
On the other hand, said crowns are made with a material of the same color as natural teeth. Therefore, achieving a harmonious and discreet finishing.
However, dental implants can also be used to restore multiple teeth in extensive teeth loss cases, including a complete dental arch. In these scenarios, a thorough evaluation is made to determine the best position for the implants and place a prosthesis.
Steps for an implant placement
There are different implant placement protocols. However, the most frequent one consists of the following steps:
A thorough clinical and radiographic evaluation is performed to determine the placement position of the implant and evaluate important anatomical structures and references, such as the location of the nerve and maxillary sinus.
2. Pre-prosthetic conditioning
In some cases, the bone requires additional preparations previous to the implant surgery.
One of the most common procedures is bone grafting, used when there is not enough bone tissue to place the implant. However, this step is not always necessary and is inherent to the case characteristics.
3. Implant surgery
First, an incision is made on the gums to expose the bone. Then, the implant is placed in the planned position.
Afterward, the gums are stitched over the implant, covering it completely, while the zone heals and the implant integrates with the bone. This osseointegration process can last 3-6 months until it is completed.
4. Exposing surgery and healing abutment placement.
After osseointegration is completed, a small incision is made on the gums to expose the implant and screw an appliance called healing abutment.
This aids in the gums’ healing process, allowing them to acquire the desired shape to fit the crown.
5. Definitive abutment and temporary crown placement
The healing abutment is replaced with a definitive abutment. This appliance is screwed to the implant, and it works as the base where the crown will be fixed to.
Afterward, a dental impression is taken. This is delivered to the laboratory for them to craft the crown. In the meanwhile, a temporary crown is placed.
6. Definitive crown placement
Once the laboratory has done the crown, it is delivered back to the dental office to replace the temporary crown, closing the case.
Dental implants benefits
Implants possess many characteristics that turn them into the best option, such as:
- Comfort: they feel similar to the tooth.
- Quick adaptation: It is easier to get used to eating and speaking using an implant-supported prosthesis than one resting on the gums.
- Minimally invasive design: Unlike bridges and removable partial prostheses, implant treatment does not require any type of prepping on the teeth adjacent to the empty space.
- Aesthetic: The results with implant treatment are highly aesthetic, achieving natural toothlike results.
There is no more natural alternative than an implant to replace a missing tooth. Book an appointment, and we’ll restore your smile.